List at least three key roles the design phase plays in a typical ISD project.
1. Writing Objectives: Having clear objectives for the lesson help guide the entire design phase. The teacher or designer must know what the desired result to be for their students. In the text, Chuck Hodell describes objectives as “the foundation and direction of the design plan and everything else builds from them.”
2. Writing Lesson Plans: The design plan of the ISD model is what happens before, during, and after instruction. Lesson plans are a teacher or designers guide and map through their instruction. Lesson plans are how a teacher details and develops instructional goals, delivery, and evaluation for a lesson, unit, or class. Writing lesson plans is one of the key elements of the design plan because it describes what will be happening.
3. Writing an Evaluation Strategy: During this part of the process the evaluation process is describes. It is a description of evaluation tasks and how understanding of content will be assessed. It is not necessarily the actual creation of the evaluation tasks but a description of the evaluation plan and purpose.